Curriculum Vitea of Daan Schram.
Daan Schram is emeritus professor at the Eindhoven University and advisor of the FOM Institute of Plasma Physics in Nieuwegein. After a PhD on a subject in high temperature plasma physics for nuclear fusion at the FOM Institute, he started an extensive research program on plasma physics at the Eindhoven University of Technology. In this program the possibilities for applications received also attention. One of the themes was the development of fast deposition in the framework of energy related technologies. His present interests are more directed to general themes in plasma physics and the development of a two years course on energy and climate, the “energydays”.
Daan Schram (born august 1 1940, Rijswijk ZH) studied in Delft and finished his undergraduate education in 1962 on the subject of microwave transmission. His PhD study, at the FOM Institute of Plasma Physics, concerned electron cyclotron resonance heating of fusion plasmas. In 1969 he received a PhD degree in University Utrecht. Then he was one of the first members of a team cooperating with Massachusetts Institute of Technology, were he worked on magnetic confinement in Alcator Tokamak during the years 1971 – 1972 and several periods up to 1976. This project, a relatively high field Tokamak, resulted in an enhanced confinement at high densities, which was one of the early breakthroughs in fusion research in the seventies. In 1972 he was appointed at the Eindhoven University of Technology, where he started working on applied plasma physics. In 1979 he became full professor and leader of the group in experimental plasma physics. Themes were fast deposition and etching, hydrogen plasma kinetics (in collaboration with FOM Rijnhuizen), excitation of plasmas, hydrodynamics of plasmas and several applications. During several periods he worked in other universities and institutes, as in JET Culham UK, again in the framework of fusion research. There rotation and structure of plasmas were central themes, which are both subjects of renewed recent interest. In 1996 he took the initiative to develop a European course in Plasma Physics, which since then has been held each year. The course, since 2000 held in Bad Honnef in cooperation with Ruhr Universität Bochum, functions as a European centre in plasma physics. Most students and teachers of the leading plasma schools in Europe participate in this school. Following this initiative he organized summer schools on “Catalysis, surface and plasmas and on “Molecules and plasmas”. Molecule formation in plasmas and on plasma modified surfaces has received attention in the last period as well as detailed analysis of excitation as a result of these interactions. One aspect of this research is a possible link with molecule formation in extraterrestrial conditions and the possible role plasmas play there. Since his emeritaat in 2005, he has worked on the development of a course on energy and climate, the energydays, with Geert Verbong. The object is to give MSc students, Postdocs and PhD students the opportunity to receive detailed information on issues of climate change and on alternatives for fossil energy. In this course each two months a day is organized on one particular issue with information in detail. Since 2005 he is advisor to the FOM Institute of Plasma Physics and cooperates with that institute on the development of very intense plasmas for surface plasma interaction studies for future fusion reactors. He is Fellow of the Institute of Physics and helped in establishing the journal Plasma Sources Science and Technology, of which he was regional editor. He received the ISPC award in 1999 for his contribution to the development of plasma chemistry and in 2000 the Physica Prize for his achievements in plasma science of the NNV. Since 2000 he is member of the “Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wetenschappen”.